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The Behistun Inscription (also Bisitun, Bistun or Bisutun, Modern Persian: بيستون ; Old Persian: Bagastana, meaning "the god's place or land") is located in the Kermanshah Province of Iran.

The inscription includes three versions of the same text, written in three different cuneiform script languages: Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian. A British army officer, Henry Rawlinson, had the inscription transcribed in two parts, in 1835 and 1843. The text of the inscription is a statement by "Darius I" the great of Persia, written three times in three different scripts and languages: two languages side by side, Old Persian and Elamite, and Babylonian above them. Some time around 515 BC, he arranged for the inscription of a long tale of his accession in the face of the usurper Smerdis of Persia (and Darius' subsequent successful wars and suppressions of rebellion) to be inscribed into a cliff near the modern town of Bisistun, in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains of Iran.
The inscription is approximately 15 metres high by 25 metres wide, and 100 metres up a limestone cliff from an ancient road connecting the capitals of Babylonia and Media (Babylon and Ecbatana). It is extremely inaccessible as the mountainside was removed to make the inscription more visible after its completion. The inscription was illustrated by a life-sized bas-relief of Darius, holding a bow as a sign of kingship, with his left foot on the chest of a figure lying on his back before him. The prostrate figure is reputed to be the pretender Gaumata. Darius is attended to the left by two servants, and ten one-metre figures stand to the right, with hands tied and rope around their necks, representing conquered peoples. Faravahar floats above, giving his blessing to the king. One figure appears to have been added after the others were completed, as was (oddly enough) Darius' beard, which is a separate block of stone attached with iron pins and lead.

The monument suffered some damage from soldiers using it for target practice during World War II. In recent years, Iranian archaeologists have been undertaking conservation works. The site became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2006


+ نوشته شده در  یکشنبه سی ام فروردین 1388ساعت   توسط هومن مالک  | 

Quri Qaleh Cave is noted for its wealth of speleothems. It is also said to be the longest cave of the middle east, but that's a fame which changes frequently at the moment.
It seems so far no archaeologic excavations have been made in the cave, but near the entrance numerous artifacts were found accidentially. A human skull and various clayworks from Prehistoric times and remains from the Sassanid Period tell that the area was inhabited over thousands of years.
The cave was long known, but only the shallow entrance portal was accessible.
The cave tour shows both levels of the cave. First the 550m long upper passage with two chabers. Notables are a stalagmite formation resembling a camel's profile and hump and a second one called Mother Mary. About 1,000m of the lower lever are also developed, starting with the 12m long Talare Namaz (prayer hall), then Talare Bolour (crystal hall), and finally Talare Aroos (bride hall). Talare Bolour has former cave lakes with calcite crystals and some stalactites which knocked by the guide to create sounds. Talare Aroos is said to be the most magnificent part of the cave.
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+ نوشته شده در  یکشنبه سی ام فروردین 1388ساعت   توسط هومن مالک  |